Types of Myeloma

Multiple Myeloma is Most Common
More than 90 percent of people with myeloma have this type. Multiple myeloma affects several different areas of the body.

  • Plasmacytoma
    Only one site of myeloma cells evident in the body, such as in the bone, skin, muscle, or lung.
  • Localized Myeloma
    A few neighboring sites evident.
  • Extramedullary Myeloma
    Involvement of tissue other than bone marrow, such as skin, muscles or lungs.

Doctors divide myeloma into groups that describe how rapidly or slowly the disease is progressing:

  • Asymptomatic or Smoldering Myeloma
    Progresses slowly and has no symptoms even though the patient has the disease.
  • Symptomatic Myeloma
    Has related symptoms such as anemia, kidney damage and bone disease.